By Anne Kristine Raunkiær-Jensen, RIKO and Benedicte Storm, Oxfam IBIS
Turning rhetoric into sustained action on the Women, Peace
Nearly 20 years ago, the UN Security Council adopted the groundbreaking UN Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace
Since then, the WPS agenda has become a key rhetorical device across a wide breadth of policy commitments and programmatic portfolios – ranging from the fields of peacebuilding, humanitarian, development and security/stabilization. Yet, what remains to resurface nearly two decades after is the question of how this normative agenda has actually transpired into transformative action and coherent support on the ground.
Today, as we celebrate Women’s International Day, it is opportune to reflect upon the key advances on the WPS-agenda and take stock of the key challenges that continue to linger on the implementation of the resolution. This moment of reflection is particularly timely as Denmark is about to revise its current 3rd National Action Plan (NAP) into
Women and youth at the forefront of the ‘sustaining peace’ agenda
The UN Security Council resolution 1325 was the first of its kind to recognize the important role and agency of women at all levels of decision-making processes, as well as the protection needs of women. It affirms that peace and security efforts are more sustainable when women are equal partners in the prevention of violent conflict, the delivery of relief and recovery efforts and in forging
In addition to a growing policy agenda, the WPS-agenda has catalyzed the development of a rich evidence base. This has contributed to deepening the understanding of the positive link between the meaningful participation of women at all levels and the effectiveness, success
The strong emphasis on women and youth is symptomatic of
20 years later – ‘add women and stir’?
Despite important gains resulting from the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security key challenges continue to halt its full realization (3).
Overall, estimates from the Global Progress Study on the Women, Peace
Yet, funding is not the only factor. The quality of the aid and the way it is delivered also needs reexamination. While 54 member states have formulated NAPs, these often lack sufficient mechanisms for accountability and allocated budgets needed for substantive, coherent and long-term implementation. In addition, while women and
On this backdrop, the Global Study recommends an increase in earmarked funding to the WPS-agenda’s
Denmark and the NAP
In 2005, Denmark took a lead as the first country to develop a National Action Plan (NAP). This year, it is expected to revise and develop its 4th NAP (2020-2025). According to a DIIS evaluation report (5), the second NAP was characterized by “expressions of political will and determination, but lacks in concrete plans for implementation with clearly measurable results”. The current and third NAP
Importantly, in keeping with the Inter-Ministerial group’s interest for opening the door for civil society in the NAP review, civil society actors are now invited to become substantially engaged in the revision of the current NAP and the development of the forthcoming one. This presents significant opportunities for civil society to contribute to constructively shape Denmark’s efforts on the WPS agenda.
Danish Civil Society consultation as a stepping stone for the new NAP
A number of civil society actors are working closely together to engage with the Government on the National Action Plan for 1325, including Oxfam IBIS, RIKO, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), Danish Refugee Council (DRC), Sex & Samfund, Conducive Space for Peace (CSP), Center for Resolution of International Conflicts at Copenhagen University (CRIC) and Kvinfo. This engagement involves both
The breadth of engagement across the Danish civil society and their local partners, who operate at various levels, stages of the conflict cycle, including formal and informal processes and across a broad field – from humanitarian protection to peacebuilding, shows that there are already a lot of energy and expertise out there to be distilled and feed into the shaping of the NAP.
Building on and tapping into the diverse Danish community of practice can serve as a stepping stone for the NAP to become more geared and attuned to deliver on its commitments on the 1325 – turning rhetoric into action. We are therefore happy to extend an invitation to interested organizations, institutions
For further information, please contact Benedicte Storm firstname.lastname@example.org.
Anne Kristine Raunkiær-Jensen is Chair of RIKO and Benedicte Storm is engaged as a peacebuilding analyst on Women, Peace
(1) See overview of the UN resolutions on the Women, Peace and Security Agenda through the following link: http://www.peacewomen.org/why-WPS/solutions/resolutions
(2) O’Reilly, Ó Súilleabháin, and Paffenholz, (2015) “Reimagining Peacemaking: Women’s Roles in Peace Processes”. Link: https://www.ipinst.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/IPI-E-pub-Reimagining-Peacemaking.pdf
(3) International Peace Institute (2018), ‘Why Women, Peace, and Security? Why Now?’ Link: https://reliefweb.int/report/world/why-women-peace-and-security-why-now
(4) UN Global Study o the Implementation of United Nations Security Council resolution 1325 (2015) ‘Preventing Conflict, Securing Justice And Securing The Peace’. Link: https://www.peacewomen.org/sites/default/files/UNW-GLOBAL-STUDY-1325-2015%20(1).pdf
(5) Rosamond, Annika Bergman (diis) 2014, ‘ Women, Peace and Security – and Denmark’. DIIS report 2014: 32.